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SDG 6 – Clean Water and Sanitation for All – is worth noting.


Water is essential for life and livelihood, as well as for long-term development. The United Nations has declared adequate drinking water and sanitation to be a human right (2010). Furthermore, successful, integrated water management is a prerequisite for achieving many of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including the ‘water goal,’ SDG 6: to ensure universal access to and sustainable management of water and sanitation. The Sustainable Development Goals are the outcomes of the 2015 international agreement on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Six core targets and nine core indicators, as well as two targets and indicators for means of implementation (MoI), make up SDG 6. Under the UN-Water-managed Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6 (IMI), indicators for SDG 6 will be monitored and reported on at an international level by UN custodian agencies, though national data and results will form the basis of all monitoring and reporting. In light of the SDGs, all 193 member states agreed to work together to achieve these goals, aligning their national interests. These goals were declared at the UN General Assembly meeting to be to implement the action plan for reducing poverty and promoting prosperity among people, to resolve critical issues in all forms, to save the earth’s trees and plants, and to ensure that no one is left behind in this race. Human rights and gender equality are also on the agenda. The agenda emphasizes women’s empowerment as well as all long-term policies that should be implemented in collaboration. Implementing outcomes with a balance of economic and environmental dimensions is an SDG target.

However, there are still obstacles to overcome, particularly for developing and underdeveloped countries. Many of these countries are unable to provide even basic services like clean water and sanitation. SDG 6 aims to provide human society with universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water. We doubt that the commitments made by 193 countries will be able to provide appropriate policies for sustainable water and sanitation in all of the world’s countries. The local challenges in this area are described in this article. Developing countries are managing services at their own levels to improve water quality, but they have had mixed results in the last five years. SDG 6 aims to ensure that all members of society have access to safe drinking water and sanitation. Everyone has the right to clean, safe water in sufficient quantity and quality. Clean water is necessary not only for humans, but also for plants, animals, and other sustainable developments. With a circular system, sustainable development necessitates reducing waste and recycling as much water as possible (Gulseven & Mostert, 2017). Human rights require clean water and proper sanitation, according to the agenda. Clean water is linked to all aspects of life, including food, nutrition, illness, and poverty reduction. It contributes to the promotion of long-term economic growth and the preservation of the planet’s ecosystem. SDG 6 identifies eight global goals. SDG6 includes all of these important elements. These goals are universally accepted, but each government is responsible for ensuring that they are met in accordance with their national obligations.

  1. Obtaining safe and affordable water is a huge challenge for everyone, but the government ensures that their countries have access to clean drinking water.
  2. Only a few developed countries have sufficient natural and financial resources to quickly provide clean drinking water to their communities. The agenda also covers the use and protection of clean water resources, as well as the efficiency with which they are used.
  3. The SDG6 places a strong emphasis on the importance of water usage, waste, and reuse at all levels, from domestic to industrial (Martins, 2016). Pollution and the improvement of clean water quality are huge challenges for the water sector. Agriculture is the world’s largest water consumer, accounting for 70% of global water consumption. Water conservation and waste treatment are issues that are not only faced by developing countries, but also by developed countries.
  4. Only a few countries have enough natural and financial resources to supply and manage water resources, and these countries can provide safe water with readily available capital. The SDG6 aims to improve water efficiency and ensure that everyone has access to clean water.
  5. The 2030 Agenda is completely dedicated to implementing all water resources and integrating management policies. The global average ratio of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is 48%, but there are significant differences between countries.
  6. Water management and ecosystem management are inextricably linked. The water-related ecosystem has an impact on a country’s social development as well as its economic resources. The SDGs emphasized the importance of the water-related ecosystem in sustaining multiple social societies and their development, as well as maintaining biodiversity, food and energy production, and the land-sea ecosystem on Earth.
  7. SDG6 can be achieved if all member countries work together to expand international cooperation and capacity building in the area of sustainable water supply and management.
  8. Stakeholder support and participation in data collection, monitoring, and other capacity-building activities are essential for long-term water management.

Several obstacles must be overcome in order to enable and accelerate progress toward this goal. Although the water sectors are struggling to meet their targets, findings suggest that SDG6 progress will face a number of challenges.

  1. Governance: Good governance is important in all sectors, but it is especially important in the water development sector. The majority of developing countries are still dealing with internal problems, and their governance structures are shaky. Administrative management, institutional rules, political stability and decision-making, and implementations are all aided by good water governance. These chasms can be bridged by government data accountability.
  2. Finance: financial resources are always used in project implementation; in fact, the water development sector requires a great deal of financial stability in order to be sustainable. Emerging policies for massive funding and efficient use of existing financial resources in order to achieve rapid progress. Investment in the water development sector provides social and environmental benefits as well as a boost to the economy.
  3. Capacity Building: Good governance progressively builds formal and informal institutions. In Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Southeast Asia, there is a severe lack of capacity and implementation. These countries are at the forefront of human shortages of basic needs such as agriculture, safe drinking water, and sanitation, as well as risks associated with water effects, recycling, and other water waste. These countries have been causing these concerns for decades.

Monitoring of global water and sanitation is necessary to track progress toward SDG 6’s goals. The SDG approach takes into account the majority of aspects of human rights and development, as well as environmental sustainability in cost-effective ways.To achieve water and sanitation goals, maximize potential while minimizing risk factors. SDGs aim to keep society running smoothly, provide everyone with access to clean water, and eradicate poverty and hunger worldwide. The goal is to maintain a water-related ecosystem that includes rivers, lakes, oceans, trees, and other living spaces. The article proposed the Sustainable Development Goals 6 agenda, which are universally accepted by UN assembly member countries who want to end poverty and hunger around the world by conserving natural resources, with clean water and sanitation at the top of the agenda. All humans have an equal right to fresh, clean, and safe water in sufficient quantity and quality for long-term growth. Maintaining a healthy ecosystem requires sustainable sanitation and reducing water waste. Nonetheless, achieving the SDG targets will be difficult due to the water sector’s struggles to improve water resources and sanitation management.

By 2030, all member countries are committed to ending global poverty and hunger by building and developing peaceful social communities, as well as ensuring a safe and healthy ecosystem through clean water and sanitation development and sustainable resources. Healthy and clean water supply and access help humans, animals, plants, and other living things achieve their health and well-being goals, as well as their health security.


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